Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI)
Federal Research Centre
for Cultivated Plants
Dr. Bernhard C. Schäfer
38104 Braunschweig, Germany
Ms Simone Wittke
Tel: +49 (0)531 299-3371
Fax: +49 (0)531 299-3007
Stahnsdorfer Damm 81
14532 Kleinmachnow, Germany
Fax: +49 (0)33203 48-385
The German agricultural industry wants to increase the export of plants and plant products such as grain or fruits to countries outside the EU. For this aim in many cases complex import regulations of the target countries must be observed. The JKI gives technical support in tight coordination with the Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture (BMEL) as well as the industry in developing and maintaining export markets. Furthermore we inform on import regulations of a manifold of third countries.
Mainly countries in South America and Asia as well as the USA permit imports only after having analyzed the phytosanitary import risks of products of plant origin. Specific import regulations are determined on this basis. As a pre-condition the exporting country has to provide comprehensive data (dossiers) on plant pests which occur in the exporting country and on the methods of their control. In the case of plant products from Germany, the Institute is responsible for preparing such dossiers.
The export interest of the agricultural branches is normally communicated via the agrarian associations to the BMEL. The BMEL - in cooperation with the economy and the JKI - coordinates the order of handling of the dossiers in the „Round table for the identification of trade barriers in the phytosanitary and seed sector“.
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is an international convention which was signed by 182 states. It defines the frame for national legislation in the scope of plant health. The Institute makes an effort to prepare IPPC-conform plant health regulations in the EU as well as in international trade, e.g., via the cooperation in national and international committees which prepare – amongst others - international standards that contribute to a harmonization in worldwide trade.
Another target of the JKI is the identification and the reduction of trade barriers. The Institute, e.g., traces complaints by the industry and examines continuously the draft import regulations of third countries which are notified according to the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). This shall aim for the early identification of non justified trade barriers.
The Institute provides on the internet the plant health legislation of Germany, the EU and of non-EU-states (Plant Health Portal). Furthermore, the Institute informs the Plant Protection Services, which are the contact points for the business sector for export matters, in the case of missing regulations or if special clarification is necessary.