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Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI)
Federal Research Centre
for Cultivated Plants

Head
Prof. Dr. Jörg Michael Greef and
Prof. Dr. Dr. Ewald Schnug

Address
Bundesallee 58
38116 Braunschweig, Germany

Office (Soil Science)
Ms Sabine Wichmann and
Ms Angelika Kunde
Tel: +49(0)531 596-2102/-2104/-2105
Fax: +49(0)531 596-2199
pb@  julius-kuehn.  de

Office (Crop Science)
Ms Sigrid Ehlers and
Ms Angelika Dölle
Tel: +49(0)531 596-2302/-2303
Fax: +49(0)531 596-2399
pb@  julius-kuehn.  de

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Institute booklet

Managed grassland

Managed grassland is agricultural land used to grow grasses or herbaceous forage for grazing and/or mowing. Most of the grassland in Germany is - due to its anthropogenic origin - an important part of the cultural landscape. It comprises about 30 % (Statistisches Bundesamt, 2015; English: Federal Statistical Office) of the agricultural area in Germany and therefore has a landscape defining character.

Areas sown with grass or other green fodder plants are classified as permanent grassland after five years of continuous cultivation. Grassland is characterized by a special multi-functionality. It serves as production area for forage and renewable resources and provides several regulation functions, e.g. preservation and increase of biodiversity, soil fertility and filtration capacity and prevention of flood and erosion. No less important are the socioeconomic functions of grassland, e.g. the contribution to an attractive countryside. Since January 2015, grassland is legally protected by the so called “Greening” rules. In environmentally sensitive areas, a change of land use and plowing is prohibited. In other grassland areas, a permission of the competent authority is required in order to change the land use. However, the change normally has to be compensated by establishing a new grassland area of the same size.

Scientists working in this field