Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI)
Federal Research Centre
for Cultivated Plants
Dr. Bernhard C. Schäfer
38104 Braunschweig, Germany
Ms Simone Wittke
Tel: +49 (0)531 299-3371
Fax: +49 (0)531 299-3007
Stahnsdorfer Damm 81
14532 Kleinmachnow, Germany
Fax: +49 (0)33203 48-385
The worldwide increasing trade with plants and plant products as well as tourism involves the risk of the introduction and spread of plant diseases and pests. These may significantly affect economy and ecology once they have established in a crop or an area. Thus, it is our aim to protect plants and plant products in Germany and the European Union (EU) from these plant pests and to maintain their healthy condition. To this aim we contribute in diverse sectors.
The Institute for National and International Plant Health operates in scientific research and extensive data search. These activities are the essential basis for policy advising and the development of regulations and standards. For the same purpose, risk analyses are performed which serve the experts of the Institute to determine the damage potential of an organism after a possible introduction. Thus protection measures against this plant pest may be identified.
The Institute develops survey plans on the spread of plant pests in Germany. It induces and co-ordinates their conduction by the Plant Protection Services of the Federal States. The results are interpreted by the Institute and then forwarded to the European Commission and the EU-Member States. These are crucial basic data for risk analyses of new plant pests and for the conclusion on the need and manner of control measures in Germany and the EU. For several quarantine pests, the Institute fulfils the function of a reference laboratory. Thus reliable examination results of the official laboratories of the Federal States are guaranteed.
The export of plants or plant products as e.g. fruits, grain or wood might be subject to restrictions. Numerous states outside the EU allow imports only after the exclusion of phytosanitary risks. For this purpose, specific phytosanitary information is needed from the exporting country. The JKI provides the necessary information for the importing country. The importing country uses the data for the conduction of a risk analysis and the implementation of import requirements.
On national level we have a coordinating function in the case that one or several Federal States have to apply phytosanitary measures. In the frame of the European early warning system we inform the Member States and the EU-Commission about the occurrence of harmful plant pests in Germany and also about the detection of infested or prohibited consignments.
The Institute cooperates on national and international level in the preparation of phytosanitary standards and regulations, which are a basis for inspections and measures against quarantine pests. It advises and informs the Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture (BMEL) in political decisions and the technical regulations of plant quarantine and the measures against so-called regulated non-quarantine pests (RNQP’s). RNQP’s have different characteristics from quarantine pests but legislative regulations are also justified with the aim to protect the quality and health of plants in the course of production and trade.